people always remember delicious food, including Valentine’s Day chocolate, breakfast packaged cereal products, pancakes or muffins, processed meat and bread, sweetened pasta sauce, and even salad lunch soaked in salads.
sugars make all these foods delicious, and they are also an important source of energy for our bodies. We need carbohydrates as our main fuel source for intense activity and brain operation.
however, many of us eat too much sugar. And the processing method is very simple. Excess sugar in our diet increases the risk of health conditions such as obesity, insulin tolerance, diabetes, atherosclerosis, hyperlipidemia and hypertension, and it also significantly increases the risk of premature death from heart disease.
how our bodies digest sugar, our bodies naturally digest sugars that are naturally present in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. We don’t take these carbohydrates out in the form of a van, so we don’t take the starch down in a single train.
when we eat the simplest form of sugar, such as sucrose (a combination of glucose and fructose molecules), no chain can be broken down. On the contrary, a large amount of sugar is released into the blood at the same time, causing blood sugar fluctuations. By releasing insulin, the body transfers glucose to our muscles, liver and other organs for storage for later energy use. This can make us sleepy and hungry after a surge in blood sugar, leading us to eat more calories than we need, which in turn may increase our risk of obesity.
insulin tolerance and heart disease
high sugar diet and many other reasons can have adverse effects on our health.
due to the limited storage of glucose in our body, any extra glucose will be converted into fat. Some of these fats circulate in our blood, interfering with insulin and causing blood sugar levels to rise further. If this continues for many years, insulin begins to lose its efficacy and blood sugar starts to rise, leading to so-called insulin resistance, which later leads to diabetes, another risk factor for heart disease. When excess glucose circulates through the blood vessels, it begins to weaken the walls of the arteries, making them leak and dysfunction, which can lead to atherosclerosis. As early as 1960s and 1970s, studies began to show that dietary fat is related to the increase of heart disease. This led to the publication of the first dietary guidelines for Americans in 1980, focusing on fat in the diet. After that, the food industry began to pay attention to the increase of low-fat substances, which led to the decrease of fat intake and the increase of added sugar intake in the United States. At the same time, obesity is on the rise. In Canada, the adult obesity rate rose from 6.1% in 1985 to 18.3% in 2011, which tripled during this period. At about the same time, high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) began to be introduced into food as a sweetener due to agricultural subsidies to corn in the United States. Since then, consumption of high fructose corn syrup has increased dramatically in the United States, as well as in Canada.
by 2004, Canadians consumed an average of 110 grams of sugar per day, equivalent to 26 teaspoons, accounting for 21% of the daily calorie intake. More than one third of them came from processed foods, which means that Canadians consume more than 30 pounds of sugar from foods with no nutritional value each year. In the United States, these added sugars account for 14% of the daily calorie intake of adults and children over the age of six. These two amounts far exceed the 10% maximum recommended by the World Health Organization.
the global tax on sugar
in view of the increasing consumption of processed sugar among the world’s population, it is very difficult to reverse this trend. But some governments have already begun to do so. The most common method so far is to tax sugary drinks (SSBs), such as soda and sports drinks. Mexico has implemented such taxes to reduce consumption. The UK will launch one in April 2018. Although it is still at an early stage, there are signs that SSB intake in Mexico has declined since the tax was implemented. Although there is no national SSB tax in the United States, many cities, such as Philadelphia and Berkeley, have committed to implement tax policies. We hope that the regulation of tax can play a positive role in people’s eating habits and health. The above content of
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