generally elderly people will have a tendency of calcium deficiency, if not correct calcium supplement will cause osteoporosis and other diseases. How to make it up? As the saying goes, medicine is better than food, so what are the calcium foods for middle-aged and elderly people?
the symptoms of calcium deficiency in middle-aged and elderly people
1. Osteoporosis: calcium deficiency reduces bone mineral density and bone mass, leading to osteoporosis and fracture. Due to the disorder of calcium distribution in the body, the calcium content in the vascular wall increases, which leads to the decrease of vascular elasticity, leading to hypertension and arteriosclerosis, and secondary coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular disease.
3. Calcium metabolism disorder and endocrine dysfunction can lead to diabetes.
4. The disease resistance of joints may be reduced due to calcium deficiency, which is easy to suffer from rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis and joint hydrops; calcium deficiency can also secondary to bone hyperplasia in cervical spine, lumbar spine, knee joint, heel and other parts.
the harm of excessive calcium supplement for the elderly?
excessive calcium will lead to a variety of problems in the body, because a large number of calcium into the stomach will be through the role of gastric acid, and then ionization can be absorbed and used, calcium ion formation consumes a lot of gastric acid, low gastric acid causes loss of appetite. Some calcium met acid will form carbon dioxide, also will appear full stomach belching symptoms. For a long time, it will cause anorexia.
2. A large amount of calcium carbonate in the stomach will form calcium oxide in the stomach, and calcium carbonate and calcium phosphate will be formed in the intestinal tract in case of alkaline environment. These calcium substances are difficult to be absorbed and utilized by the intestine and stomach, so it will inhibit the peristalsis of the intestine and stomach, and finally cause stubborn constipation.
suitable for the elderly calcium supplement food
half a kilogram of milk, contains 300 mg of calcium, also contains a variety of amino acids, lactic acid, minerals and vitamins, promoting the digestion and absorption of calcium. And the calcium in milk is more easily absorbed by the human body. Therefore, milk should be taken as the main food for daily calcium supplement. Other dairy products such as yogurt and cheese are good sources of calcium.
2. Soybean products
are high protein foods with high calcium content. 500g soybean milk contains 120mg calcium, 150g tofu contains up to 500mg calcium, and other bean products are also good calcium supplements. In addition, tofu can not be eaten with some vegetables, such as spinach. Spinach contains oxalic acid, which can combine with calcium to form calcium oxalate conjugate, which hinders the absorption of calcium by human body.
3, kelp and shrimp skin
kelp and shrimp skin are high calcium seafood, 25 grams a day, you can supplement 300 mg of calcium. And they can also reduce blood lipids and prevent atherosclerosis.
kelp and meat are cooked together or cold mixed, are good food. The content of calcium in shrimp skin is higher. 25g of shrimp skin contains 500mg of calcium. Therefore, it is a good choice to make soup or stuffing with shrimp skin. The above content of
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