background supplement:

Mediterranean diet is mainly composed of plant-based food, such as vegetables, beans, fruits, nuts, seeds, olives, a large amount of extra virgin olive oil, fish and appropriate amount of red wine. It also includes a small amount of processed food consumption, such as processed carbohydrates, candy, chocolate and red meat.

you may have heard that Mediterranean diet is good for your overall health, and maybe you have tried to incorporate some elements into your diet. Now, more research has shown that following this healthy diet plan has some advantages: it can reduce the risk of memory problems in the elderly. Recently, the Journal of the American Geriatrics Association published a new study that examined the dietary information of nearly 6000 elderly people who participated in the health and retirement study. The researchers compared the results with the participants’ mental abilities, mainly their memory and attention skills. The researchers found that older people who ate the Mediterranean diet, mind diet and DASH diet scored better on cognitive function tests than those who ate less healthy diets. The results of


were also very significant: the risk of scoring in cognitive tests was reduced by 35% in elderly people who ate Mediterranean diet. Those who ate the Mediterranean diet even found the effect: older people had a 15% lower risk of poor performance on cognitive tests. The results of the mind diet were similar.

according to Harvard University, the DASH diet includes “low-fat, saturated fat and cholesterol foods, as well as foods rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Protein is provided by low-fat dairy products, fish, poultry and nuts. Red meat, candy and sugary drinks are limited. Dash fiber has high content of potassium, calcium, magnesium and sodium. “These healthy diets are usually rich in antioxidant vitamins and minerals, as well as other bioactive compounds that are good for heart health, which in turn are thought to be good for the brain, especially during aging,” said Claire McEvoy, a researcher at


. The Mediterranean diet has also been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects and may be good for long-term brain health


both encourage people to minimize the intake of processed food, fast food, snacks and red meat, and emphasize healthy eating habits. Jessica cording, a registered dietitian in New York, “they’re a lifestyle focused diet, and they’re very useful for people.” In particular, the mind diet tells people which foods are beneficial (green leafy vegetables, other vegetables, nuts, berries, beans, grains, seafood, poultry, olive oil and wine) rather than (red meat, butter and margarine, cheese, pastries, candy, fried food and fast food), which is particularly useful.

female health expert Dr. Jennifer wider was not surprised by the results of the survey. “Our food has a huge impact on our body and mind,” she said. Both the Mediterranean diet and the mind diet contain many studies that have proven beneficial to the body, and in some studies it has been shown to slow cognitive decline and possibly prevent Alzheimer’s disease. ” The


studies also found that a Mediterranean diet can reduce the risk of heart disease, which is responsible for a quarter of deaths in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and prevention.

it is worth noting that although studies have repeatedly found the benefits of following the Mediterranean diet, this is the first to promote the benefits of mind diet. (although cording points out that the mind diet is a mixed Mediterranean diet. )The foods highlighted in the mind diet are associated with lower heart disease risk, improved weight and diabetes management, cording said. Many of these foods also have anti-inflammatory properties. Heidi Guyer, Ph.D. student at the University of Michigan, co-author of the study

and “

,” says that one diet is not necessarily better than the other. “You also need to consider a person’s health and other health conditions,” she said. “But each is considered a healthy diet.” If you are interested in trying a Mediterranean diet or mind diet, cording recommends familiarizing yourself with your choice of eating habits and considering how to apply the guidelines to your daily life. For example, the mind diet emphasizes berries, so it’s important to consider if you don’t fit them into your normal diet.


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