Under the high temperature of

, the peristalsis of gastrointestinal tract is weakened, the secretion of digestive juice such as saliva and gastric juice decreases, the acidity of gastric juice decreases, the digestive function decreases, and anorexia and anorexia may occur. In addition, the metabolic rate of the body increases, a lot of sweating, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium and other minerals are lost more, so that the body’s needs for protein, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, vitamin C, thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin A and water are increased.

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in order to meet the nutritional needs of high temperature environment, it is suggested that

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1. To ensure the intake of high-quality protein, the energy provided by protein in

and

should account for about 12% of the total energy, of which high-quality protein should account for more than half. High quality protein rich foods include lean meat, fish, eggs, milk, soybeans and bean products. The main sources of sodium are salt, soy sauce, monosodium glutamate, pickles, tofu milk, etc. it is not necessary to increase them deliberately. Eating too much sodium will increase blood pressure. Potassium deficiency in

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is one of the causes of heatstroke. The food rich in potassium includes vegetables, fruits and beans.

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are rich in magnesium in green vegetables, nuts and coarse grains.

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milk and dairy products are rich in calcium.

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animal liver, lean meat and animal blood are good sources of iron and can be absorbed and utilized well.

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animal foods are rich in zinc and have high absorption rate, such as oysters, lean meat, animal viscera, etc. Add water in time. Drink water only when you are thirsty. Drink water regularly, a small amount of water many times. Can choose boiled water, tea, lemonade, mung bean soup and so on. If you sweat more, you can choose some drinks containing minerals and vitamins. You can also make a la carte soup, fish soup or chicken soup for each meal. Timely supplement vitamin

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4. Foods containing more vitamin 1 include peanuts, lean pork, beans, wheat flour, millet, etc.; foods with more vitamin B2 and vitamin A include animal liver, eggs and milk; foods with more vitamin C and carotene are all kinds of fresh fruits and green leafy vegetables.

5. Careful cooking, promote appetite,

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light based, more use of cooking stew, less frying way to cook. The use of onion, ginger, garlic, vinegar and other condiments can not only promote appetite, but also promote digestion. Eat more fruits and vegetables, with different varieties and colors. In the high temperature and high humidity environment in summer, all kinds of pathogenic microorganisms proliferate rapidly, and food is easy to rot and deteriorate. Therefore, attention should be paid to the purchase, processing and storage of food. Do not go to the roadside stalls and large stalls with poor sanitary conditions.

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