every autumn season, dormant for more than half a year of sugar fried chestnut shops will be re installed, that enchanting fragrance will always tease the taste buds of diners. So, how to eat chestnuts more healthy and delicious? Is it suitable for everyone? How much is suitable for each meal? Gu Chuanling, specially invited expert of

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: national second-class nutritionist

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free choice of

There are mainly two kinds of chestnut originated from China: one is chestnut, which is more cultivated in North China. The fruit is large, flat and round, the seed coat is easy to peel, the flesh is fine, sweet, sticky and of good quality. It is suitable for frying. The varieties include red oil skin, tiger claw, purple chestnut, Daming, pig waist, etc. The second is Castanea henryi, which is cultivated in the south. The fruit shape is larger, the shape is like a cone, and the flesh is close. It is suitable for vegetable use. The varieties include Jiujiazhong and Rongxian Qingli. They have little difference in nutritional value, but slightly different in taste. Consumers can choose chestnuts according to their preferences when they buy them. The content of vitamin B in

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was three times higher than that in rice

nuts are divided into oil nuts and starch nuts. Sunflower seeds and walnuts belong to oily nuts, while chestnuts belong to starch nuts. According to the Chinese food composition table, the carbohydrate content of dried chestnut is as high as 78.4%, which is equivalent to wheat flour and rice; the content of fresh chestnut starch is about 42.2%, nearly twice that of sweet potato. The protein content of

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is slightly lower than that of flour and rice, while the fat content of

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is similar to that of flour and rice. In addition, the content of vitamin B in chestnut is between rice and flour, and the content of vitamin B is higher than that of rice and flour, and it is almost three times of that of rice. Chestnut is also rich in minerals.

special groups can not eat

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patients with hypertension: there is an article on the Internet entitled “eating more chestnuts to prevent hypertension and coronary heart disease”, because chestnuts are rich in unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins and minerals. In fact, chestnut contains less than 2% fat. If compared with unsaturated fatty acids, it can’t match those oily nuts, such as walnuts. As for vitamins and minerals, other foods also contain vitamins and minerals, and chestnut vitamin and mineral content is not the most prominent in all foods. To prevent hypertension, low salt diet is more important than other factors. To prevent coronary heart disease, balanced diet is more important. If you eat more chestnuts, you will increase your energy intake. If you eat too much, it is not conducive to the prevention of chronic diseases.

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diabetics: the diet principle of diabetics is to eat less and more meals, and the starch will be converted into glucose after digestion, so the food rich in carbohydrates can not be eaten at will. Therefore, diabetic patients should eat appropriate amount of chestnuts. People with poor digestion function of

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: the starch in food is divided into amylose and amylopectin. The process of food ripening is the process of starch gelatinization. Because of its own structure, the gelatinized amylose is not easy to digest than amylopectin. The amylose content of chestnut in China is about 27%, which is higher than that of wheat (25%) and potato (20%). Therefore, the elderly and children with poor digestive function should eat less. In addition, chestnut starch aging after cooling, not easy to interact with amylase, more difficult to digest and absorb, therefore, chestnut to eat while hot.

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common people: for ordinary people, it is recommended that chestnuts be taken as a snack between meals, because if you eat extra after meals, it will bring a lot of energy, and as a snack, it can timely supplement the energy needed. How to eat more healthy

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cooking and frying. The principle of

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healthy diet is to eat a variety of foods, eat everything and eat less. This principle is also applicable to staple food. Chestnut starch content is high, can be used as a part of the staple food to eat, so chestnut has been known as “Woody food” since ancient times. Can be directly steamed, boiled, into porridge, chestnut ground into flour, mixed with wheat flour to make steamed bread can also be.

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high oil and salt diet is not healthy, so it is suggested to use light cooking method of steaming and boiling. It is often difficult to peel chestnuts steamed or boiled by

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. It is recommended to make a slit in the shell with a knife before cooking. After steaming or boiling, cool the chestnuts with cold water for a while. In this way, it is easy to peel chestnuts.

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suggest steaming and boiling, which is not to say that frying is absolutely impossible. However, the fried chestnuts on the market are generally fried with sugar, which will add a lot of sugar and oil, which will bring extra energy. In addition, in order to make the surface of chestnuts brighter and increase the appearance of chestnuts, some vendors will add illegal additives industrial paraffin when frying chestnuts.

therefore, when buying chestnuts, we should pay attention to:

① have a look: the appearance of freshly fried chestnut is bright, and it turns white after cooling, which may be the addition of paraffin wax.

② touch: chestnut without paraffin will stick to the hand, and chestnut with paraffin will be more slippery. Try not to taste too sweet.

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