breakfast is the most important meal of the day. A good breakfast can open up the normal metabolism of the human body in the new day and make people energetic.

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, especially for diabetic patients, blood sugar is easy to fluctuate after getting up in the morning, so how to arrange breakfast is very important.

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what are the causes of high fasting blood glucose in the morning?

diabetic patients’ blood glucose control is very important, but the morning fasting blood glucose value is often one of their problems, no matter how well they usually control, but in the morning, blood sugar is always “disobedient”. What reason can cause fasting blood glucose high in the morning?

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first, the injection of hypoglycemic drugs or insulin was insufficient on the first night. Some patients use hypoglycemic drugs on the first night because they are worried about hypoglycemia at night. However, the blood glucose at night is continuously higher than the normal level, so the blood glucose may not be controlled within the normal range after reducing the dosage.

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second, insulin function is low. Growth hormone, cortisol and other hormones produced by endocrine at night have a prosperous effect. However, due to low insulin function, insufficient insulin secretion or low sensitivity, blood glucose can not be stabilized in time.

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third, rebound fasting blood glucose rise. Some diabetic patients in oral hypoglycemic drugs or injection of insulin, the night will appear hypoglycemia, and the body in the stimulation of hypoglycemia, will make a variety of anti insulin hormone secretion increased, so that blood sugar increased. The importance of

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breakfast to control blood sugar

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prevention of hypoglycemia

after one night’s sleep energy consumption, the human body’s glycogen has been basically exhausted. If you don’t eat breakfast on time after getting up in the morning, it may lead to hypoglycemia. Our brain can only achieve normal physiological function through glucose, so hypoglycemia caused by not eating breakfast in the morning will affect our work efficiency all day, and in the long run, it may also have adverse effects on our brain nervous system.

reduces insulin resistance. Insulin resistance refers to the decrease of glucose uptake and utilization efficiency of insulin. Therefore, the body compensates to produce excessive insulin, which is very unfavorable for the human body to maintain normal blood glucose balance, and may also cause diabetes. Studies have shown that people who eat breakfast every day can reduce the risk of insulin resistance by 35% – 50%, which is the simplest way to prevent diabetes.

is helpful to maintain body weight. After a night’s fasting state before breakfast, the human body generally feels hungry. If you don’t eat breakfast, it may lead to the accumulation of hunger, which may unconsciously increase the amount of lunch and dinner, and excessive energy intake can cause obesity. There are also studies that show that the later the first meal of the day, the more likely it is to cause obesity. This may also be related to the impact of breakfast on the metabolism and endocrine balance of the human body. How can

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be regarded as a good breakfast?

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breakfast is very important, but if you don’t eat well, it’s useless. So what should a good breakfast look like?

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should include Cereals, meat, milk / beans and vegetables and fruits in principle.

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grains mainly provide carbohydrates for the body. Whole wheat bread and cereal are very good choices. They are rich in dietary fiber and have low glycemic index. Compared with rice porridge, they have stronger satiety effect, and too thin porridge is not suitable for diabetics

meat can choose lean meat or fish, which can supplement high-quality protein to the human body, in addition to adding an appropriate amount of eggs;

milk and soybean milk are very good drinks for breakfast, rich in calcium and high-quality protein;

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milk and soybean milk are very good drinks for breakfast

vegetables and fruits are also indispensable. The dietary fiber provided can promote the peristalsis of intestinal tract and help intestinal absorption of nutrients.

in conclusion, the importance of breakfast is obvious to all, but how to choose food is a knowledge, especially for diabetic patients, we must pay attention to it.

reference articles:

1. The importance of breakfast for blood glucose stability, Zhihu, March 19, 2020

2. Du Weinan. Diet management of diabetic patients is more important than treatment [n]. Health news, July 24, 2017 (008).

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